Pajamas or pyjamas, often shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can refer to a number of connected sorts of outfits originating from the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are loose-fitting garments derived from the original garment and worn chiefly for sleeping, but at times also for lounging, also by the two sexes. Far more commonly, pajamas may well seek advice from various clothes, for both of those daywear and nightwear, derived from traditional pajamas and involving variations of style and product.
The term pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 within the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), alone borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[five][six] The initial pyjāmā are free, lightweight trousers equipped with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans in the course of East India Enterprise rule in India.[seven][eight]
The around the globe use of pajamas (the phrase and also the garment) is the results of adoption by British colonists in India within the 18th and nineteenth centuries, as well as British influence on the wider Western globe throughout the Victorian era. Pajamas had been released to England as "lounging apparel" as early because the seventeenth century, then called mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) However they soon fell out of manner. The term pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the 1st 50 percent on the nineteenth century. They did not become a manner in Britain plus the Western entire world as sleeping attire for guys until eventually the Victorian period of time, from about 1870.
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Text and Phrases (1886) summarizes the point out of utilization at time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
Such a garment is employed by a variety of individuals in India e.g. by Ladies of assorted lessons, by Sikh Gentlemen, and most by Mohammedans of both equally sexes. It had been adopted in the Mohammedans by Europeans as an write-up of dishabille and of night attire, and it is synonymous with Prolonged Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It can be possible that we English took the practice just like a very good quite a few others in the Portuguese. Therefore Pyrard (c. 1610) states, in speaking of Goa Healthcare facility: "Ils ont drive calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The word has become used in London outlets. A buddy furnishes the following reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Road, some on 40 decades ago, in reply to a matter why pyjammas had toes More sewn on to them (as was at times the situation with Individuals furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I believe, Sir, it truly is because of the White Ants."[ten]
Common pajamas include a jacket-and-trousers combination crafted from delicate cloth, like flannel or light-weight cotton. The jacket aspect generally contains a placket front and its sleeves don't have any cuffs.[twelve] A lot of people decide to snooze or lounge in just the pajama trousers, either which has a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. For that reason, pajama pants for men and boys tend to be bought as separates.
In colloquial speech, these standard pajamas are often identified as PJs, jim jams, or jammies. In South Asia and South Africa, they are occasionally referred to as evening satisfies.
Some pajamas characteristic a fall seat (also called a trap doorway or butt flap): a buttoned opening during the seat, created to enable the wearer to conveniently utilize a toilet. Fall seats were being very common on pajamas manufactured ahead of the 1950s, but inside the early 20-to start with century They may be somewhat rare.
Modern day pajamas are derived from common pajamas. There are numerous versions in model such as quick sleeve pajamas,[fourteen] pajama bottoms[fifteen] of different length, or, from time to time, just one-piece pajamas,[seventeen] and pajamas incorporating numerous components. Mainly from the US, extend-knit slumber apparel with rib-knit trimmings are typical. Normally worn by little ones, these clothes normally have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if one-piece), and may additionally be footed.
While pajamas tend to be distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping clothes which include nightgowns, during the US, they may have sometimes included the latter as a top. Babydoll pyjamas Have got a style of small gown best above shorts or brief trousers.[eighteen]
Pajamas could right now consult with Ladies's combination daywear, specifically in the US the place they became popular in the early twentieth century, consisting of shorter-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and lightweight pants. Samples of these involve capri pajamas, Beach front pajamas, and hostess pajamas.